Nobel Prize Laureates who conducted research at the MBA

Svante Arrhenius (Chemistry, 1903): “in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered to the advancement of chemistry by his electrolytic theory of dissociation.” Arrhenius visited the MBA in 1910 and worked on “experimental embryology.”

A.V. Hill and Otto Meyerhof (Physiology or Medicine, 1922): “for their discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle.” Hill visited the MBA regularly for four decades from the mid-1920s; he was also the MBA’s sixth President, from 1955-1960. Meyerhof conducted research in physiology at the MBA in 1927.

Frederick Gowland Hopkins (Physiology or Medicine, 1929; shared with Christiaan Eijkman): “for his discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins.” Gowland Hopkins came to the MBA in 1929 to study glutathione.

Otto Warburg (Physiology or Medicine, 1931): “for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme.” Warburg had come to the MBA in 1914 to study Echinus

Henry Hallett Dale (Physiology or Medicine, 1936; shared with Otto Loewi): “for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses.” Dale had taken part in the Easter Class in 1896 and was a member of Council in the 1920s.

Albert Szent-Györgyi (Physiology or Medicine, 1937): “for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid.” Szent-Györgyi studied the function of peroxidase systems and the chemistry of the adrenal cortex in the 1920s at the MBA.

Severo Ochoa (Physiology or Medicine, 1959; shared with Arthur Kornberg): “for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid.” Ochoa was awarded the Ray Lankester Investigatorship in 1937 to study “phosphorylations in invertebrate and fish muscle.

Alan Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley (Physiology or Medicine, 1963; shared with John Eccles): “for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane.” Hodgkin and Huxley came to the MBA in 1939 to study “electrical studies of the giant axon of the squid”, returning together several times between 1947 and 1950. Hodgkin continued to come to the MBA regularly, and served as the MBA’s eighth President from 1966 to 1976.

Bernard Katz (Physiology or Medicine, 1970; shared with Ulf von Euler and Julius Axelrod): “for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation.” Katz was a regular visitor at the MBA from 1935, mostly studying the nervous systems of crustaceans and Loligo. He was also a member of Council in the 1960s.

Roger Y. Tsien (Chemistry, 2008; shared with Osamu Shimomura and Martin Chalfie): “for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP.” Tsien visited several times between 1974 and 1976 to work on “fluorescence and voltage-clamp studies on squid giant axons.”

References:

The basis for this list was found in The Marine Biological Association 1884-1984: One hundred years of marine research by Southward, A.J. and Roberts, E.K. (1984). It was completed following the “Occupation of Tables” in the annual Report of the Council and referring to the MBA’s visitor logs. Further information was prepared with the help of Professor David Sims. Information on the Nobel prizes is taken from NobelPrize.org.

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